Das Bundesarchiv

directly to navigation directly to subnavigation directly to article



Documentation of the Persecution of Jews

The Bundesarchiv is working on the documentation of those Jewish citizens that have been driven into death and deportation by the persecution within Nationalsocialist Germany since the beginning of the 1960ies. The first edition of the Memorial Book "Victims of the Persecution of Jews under the Nationalsocialist tyranny in Germany between 1933-1945" was published in 1986 under intensive cooperation with the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen. Due to newly available source material it was undertaken by a thorough revision after the Reunification (of East- and West-Germany). The result of which was the 2006 published second edition. Since the late 2007 the Memorial Book is available as an online version (here for regard the link at the bottom of the page) which is updated frequently every few months. Currently it contains more than 170.000 names (for further information please regard the remark in the following paragraph).

Remark: The Number Of The Victims
The Memorial Book records only those persons that have been residents in the German Reich between 1933 and 1945, according to the borders of 1937. This means that the murdered Jews that have come from those territories that were occupied and annexed after 1937 - i. e. the majority of the six million victims of the holocaust, according to the most current stand in research - are not mentioned in the Memorial Book. Nevertheless many institutions all over the world are dedicated to this task while corresponding with the Bundesarchiv: Yad Vashem, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and the memorials at the locations of previous concentration camps are only few examples.

A first directory of Germany’s Jewish residents was constituted in the Bundesarchiv in 2002/03 within the framework of the compensation of Jewish insurance claims. It is modified and supplemented constantly since the end of 2004 – first as a project group task and finally, since 2008, as a standing assignment in the Bundesarchiv.  The "List of Jewish residents in the German Reich 1933-1945" documents the biographical data of the approximately 700.000 people that have lived in the German Reich at any given time between 1933 and 1944 (hereby regarding German borders on the 31st December 1937) and persecuted by the Nationalsocialist state due to their Jewish heritage or belief. This collection of data is generally not accessible directly due to privacy interests of the survivors or their kinsmen as well as limited right of use on the part of data providers and the yet incomplete data processing. Nevertheless the Bundesarchiv will provide information according to the Bundesarchiv-statute law.

A reader version of the List of Jewish Residents is available in the reading room of the Bundesarchiv in Berlin-Lichterfelde for academic use and historical educational purpose only. The requirements therefor are the permit for a request for usage as well as a request to shorten the term of protection in addition to the signing of a special letter of commitment. Here for please contact the Bundesarchiv through berlin@bundesarchiv.de with a usage explanation and possibly a date for an upcoming visit.

The supplementary cards of the population census of 17th May 1939 constitute an essential source for the revision of the Memorial Book and the computation of the List of Jewish Residents. Provided a household member had stated a Jewish grandparent, the cards would end up in the Reich Office of Genealogy after the regular statistical evaluation, where they have been preserved to about 85%. Therefore the Jews that were living in Germany on the brink of the Holocaust are widely known by name. The data of the supplementary cards are edited in an own databank and are available for academic use and historical educational purpose in the reading room of the Bundesarchiv in Berlin-Lichterfelde since 2001. The previously mentioned requirements of the usage of the List of Jewish Residents hold through likewise.

Further Information