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NS archives of the Ministry for State Security

The so-called NS archives of the Ministry of State Security arrived in the custody of the Central State Archives of the GDR after the disbandment of the Ministry of State Security (MfS) in 1990. With the reunification the Federal Archives assumed responsibility for the records on 3 October 1990.

At the start of the 50s, the MfS in Berlin-Hohenschönhausen started to compile a central collection of personal records from various sources for "operational" purposes. In 1990 the collection comprised approximately 6,500 shelf metres with over 800,000 files. The documents, many times removed from their original context, were adapted for new procedures. One of the results was the emergence of numerous personal dossiers.

The NS archive also contained records of outstanding historical significance, such as the case records of the supreme Reich prosecutor at the People's Court and of the Reich Ministry of Justice, and the medical files of approx. 30,000 victims of the so-called "Nazi euthanasia" programme, which had been removed by the MfS from the Central State Archives of the GDR.

The collection was overhauled by archive specialists between 2001 and 2006, as a result of which around half of the records were handed over to the responsible archives.