zur Hauptnavigation zum Servicemenü direkt zum Inhalt

You are here: Homepage » Directory of Places of Detention

Logo der Stiftung Erinnerung, Verantwortung und Zukunft

Directory of Places of Detention

Directory of Places of Detention

The directory of places of detention of the foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" (EVZ) provides information on approximately 3,800 camps and places of detention, which had been taken into consideration along the lines of the payments to former forced labourers by the foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" www.stiftung-evz.de/eng/. The directory includes information on their purpose as places of detention for forced labourers, their geographical position as well as literature and bibliography list of sources. (Search in the directory of places of detention of the foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future")

Development of the directory of places of detention of the foundation

The directory of the places of detention of the foundation EVZ originated from the occasion of the payout to former forced labourers. It was a tool to determine the eligibility for benefits of former forced labourers in terms of the law for the establishment of a foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" dated 2nd August 2000. The law provided that whoever had been imprisoned in a concentration camp or in any other place of detention outside of the territory of what now belongs to the Republic of Austria or in any ghetto under similar conditions subjected to forced labour could receive up to 15,000 Deutschmarks.

Concentration camps are those camps, that according to § 42 section 2 of the "Bundesentschädigungsgesetz" are considered to be such. Corresponding lists were published in the Federal Law Gazette in 1977 and 1982 (BGBl. I 1977, 1786-1852 and 1982, 1571-1579). In addition to these camps, there were other places of detention where the prison conditions were in fundamental aspects similar to those of a concentration camp although they did not belong to the system of National Socialist concentration camps. Hence the Foundation Law provided the opportunity of classifying further places of detention into this group. The Foundation Law determined that the following three features were required:

  • inhuman prison conditions,
  • poor nutrition,
  • lack of medical care.

The directory of places of detention of the foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" includes places of detention that match all these three features. The directory is the result of the processing of applications of the partner organisations of the foundation that are concerning this matter. Some partner organisations had already submitted existing camp directories. Corresponding directories of places of detention have been published in Poland, the Czech Republic, Belarus, Ukraine and Russia.

A further basis for the existing directory was the directory of places of detention led by the "Reichsführer SS" which was established by the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen in 1979. Sometimes the partner organisations suggested certain camp categories from these directories regardless of whether there actually was an applicant from each individual camp, like for example the forced labour camps for Jews. Other partner organisations have only applied for those camps from where people survived. The foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" asked historians from Germany and the countries of the partner organisations for votes on the presence of the required three characteristics and based on these statements they decided upon the inclusion of the camp in the directory.

Based on this some 3,800 camps have been recognised as places of detention and taken into consideration in the payments made to former forced labourers.

After all payments have been completed the information obtained will be made available in the directory of places of detention of the foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" for general use. The database-supported Internet directory provides different search options: Search by keyword, camp, location, country.