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After the War: Displaced and Repatriated Persons

After the War: Displaced and Repatriated Persons

At the end of the war and the liberation of slave and forced labourers these were relocated as so-called displaced persons to different camps.

Those amongst them who had resided in the Soviet Union before the war, were, regardless of their own wishes "repatriated" and taken back to the Soviet Union where they came to filtration camps of the secret service NKWD, where their job in Germany was investigated with respect to a possible collaboration with the Germans.

Those who were deemed seriously incriminated by the secret service were sentenced to forced labour in a Soviet camp for up to 25 years which affected approximately 294,000 people up to March 1946. Although the majority of them was pardoned following Stalin’s death, the former forced labourers, who had not been prisoners of a concentration camp were still exposed to social discrimination and suspicion until the 1990s.

Polish and Baltic people as well as the forced labourers from parts of Belarus and Ukraine, who had lived on Polish territory prior to the war could choose between returning back to their home countries, immigrating to another country or staying in Germany.

Also in the Western countries the civilian workers who returned back home were facing moral condemnation, especially the women amongst them. And if being suspected of having collaborated with the Germans hadn't been enough, they were being bad-mouthed as "German Whores".